Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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RAGUENEAU, Paul (rahg-no), missionary, born in Paris, France, in 1605: died there, 3 September, 1680. He was a Jesuit, and was sent to Canada in June, 1636. After his arrival he went to labor among the Hurons, by whom he was called "Aondechete." In 1640 he was sent by the French governor to treat with the Iroquois for the restoration of some French prisoners that they held; but, though he was well received, he did not succeed in his mission. He was superior of the missions in 1650, and in that capacity decided to bring such of the Hurons as had escaped the fury of the Iroquois to Quebec for safety. In 1657 he set out with another Jesuit and some French colonists for Onondaga, where large numbers had been converted. He was coldly treated, and, on his reproaching the Onondagas for murdering some Hurons among them, a plot was formed to take his life and those of his companions. He escaped to the mission of St. Mary's, but found that the Indians there had also become hostile, and succeeded, after much difficulty, in reaching Quebec. He continued among the Hurons up to September, 1666, when he returned to France, and acted as agent for the Canadian missions during the remainder of his life. His works are "Vie de la MSre St. Augustine, religieuse hospitaliere de Quebec en la Nou-velle France" (Paris, 1672; Italian translation, Naples, 1752); "Relation de ce qui s'est pass6 de plus remarquable 5s missions des P5res de la Com-pagnie en la Nouvelle France," covering the years 1645-'52 and 1656-'7 (7 vols., Paris, 1647-'57). The second volume was translated into Latin under the title "Narratio historica "(1650). The fourth contains" Journal du PSre Jacques Buteux, du voyage qu'il a fait pour la mission des Allithamegues," and letters from other Canadian missionaries. Rague-neau also wrote " Mdmoires touchant les vertus des P@es de None, Jogues, Daniel, Brebeuf, Lalle-mant, Garnier et Chabanel."
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