Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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ENRIQUEZ DE RIVERA, Payo, viceroy of Mexico, born in Seville. Spain, about 1610" died in the convent of Nuestra Senora del Risco, Avila, Spain, 8 April 1684. He belonged to the family of the Duke of Alcala, a distinguished Spanish nobleman. He entered the religious order of Saint Agustin, and graduated as doctor of theology, which science he taught afterward in the convents of Burgos, Valladolid, and Alcala. Philip IV appointed him bishop of Guatemala in 1657, and in 1667 was assigned to the bishopric of Michoacan, Mexico, but before he could reach his new see he received notice of his promotion to the archbishopric of Mexico, where he arrived 27 June 1668. In 1673 Pedro Nuno Colon, Duke of Veragua, then an old man, came to New Spain as viceroy, but died six days after his arrival. Then some sealed instructions, which had been deposited in the inquisition, were opened, and it was found that they appointed Payo Enriquez deputy viceroy. His government was remarkable for its liberality and justice. He ordered many repairs of public buildings and other improvements, built the causeway between Mexico and Guadaiupe, and took energetic measures for the defense of the coasts during the invasion of Yucatan by English corsairs. In 1681, after resigning both the office of archbishop and that of viceroy, he returned to Spain, and, declining the bishopric of Cuenca, retired to the convent, where he died. When the news of his death arrived at Mexico, due the authorities to his memory paid honors. He wrote many theological works printed in Va'lladolid, Guatemala, and Mexico, and also "Carta al Sefior Don Diego Andrds Rocha, Alcalde del Crimen, en la Audiencia de IAma" (Mexico, 1670).
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