Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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ZARATE, Pedro 0rtiz de, Spanish judge, born in Segovia about 1490; died in Lima, Peru, in 1545. He was grand provost of Segovia, when he was appointed, in 1543, one of the four auditors to found the audiencia of Lima, and accompanied the new viceroy, Blasco Nuriez de Vela, but soon came in collision with the latter, who solicited Zarate's recall on the ground that he was a poor Latin scholar. When Nunez gave orders to seize and carry on board a man-of-war the nephews of Gonzalo Pizarro, Zarate opposed the measure, urging that the people disapproved it, as they feared Pizarro's resentment. Nevertheless, when Nunez was imprisoned by the audiencia, 18 September, 1543, Zarate refused to take part in the proceedings, but remained in Lima, and at the entry of Pizarro, 21 October, by his influence saved the city from pillage, signing the commission of governor for Pizarro under the protest that he yielded only to force and to the wish to prevent bloodshed. He continued in office after the audiencia was reorganized to the great displeasure of Gonzalo, and checked many abuses. It is said that he was poisoned by some Fowders that were sent to him by Pizarro, and, though this fact is disputed, it is" conceded that the latter showed unmistakable signs of relief when he heard of Zarate's death.
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