Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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HERRAN, Pedro Alcantara, Colombian soldier, born in Bogota, 19 November, 1800; died there, 26 April, 1872. He entered the military service when a boy, and participated in all campaigns from 1812 till 1828, and also in the victorious battles of Junin and Ayacucho, 6 August and 9 December, 1824. In the latter he distinguished himself in a cavalry charge, obtaining from Marshal Sucre the name of "the hussar of Ayacucho." After the war of independence he served with success during the struggle for the preservation of order, and in 1840 was presented, by order of congress, with a sword. He was a leader of the Liberal party, and was a member of congress and secretary of war, of the interior, and of foreign relations. After subduing the revolution against the government of Marquez in 1841, he was elected president of the republic, and remained in office till the end of 1845. From 1846 till 1849 he was minister at Washington, when he signed the treaty for the Panama railroad. He was afterward entrusted with a diplomatic mission to Costa Rica, and from 1853 till 1861 was again minister to the United States.
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