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Pedro de Araujo Lima Olinda

0LINDA, Pedro de Araujo Lima (o-leen'-dah), Marquis of, Brazilian statesman, born in Antas, province of Pernambuco, 22 December, 1793; died in Rio Janeiro, 7 June, 1870. In 1813 he went to Coimbra to complete his studies, and in 1819 he was graduated there as doctor of canonical law. He returned to Brazil in 1820, and was appointed "ouvidor" of Paracatu, but he had scarcely been installed when ha was elected, in 1821, deputy to the constituent cortes of Lisbon, where, together with the other Brazilian deputies, he signed the constitution, but vainly tried to obtain recognition for the claims of equality of the American provinces. After the declaration of Brazilian independence in 1822 he returned to his country, and was elected deputy to the constituent assembly that reel in Rio Janeiro on 3 May, 1823. After the dissolution of that assembly he occupied for a few days the ministry of state, and was elected deputy to the general assembly for Pernambuco, in which body he served till 1837, several times occupying the presidential chair. During that time he formed part of the so-called ministry of forty days, from 3 August to 13 September, 1832, as secretary for justice and foreign relations. On 5 September, 1837, he was elected senator, but on the 18th of the same month he was called by the regent, Diego Antonio Feijo, to take the portfolio of state, and next day, on Feijo's resignation, he was, according to the constitution, declared provisional regent. During his regency there was a republican uprising in Bahia and Maranhao, but he suppressed it by energetic measures. When, in 1840, the Liberal party proposed the declaration of the emperor's majority, before the age that was authorized by the constitution, Lima was induced by the chiefs of the Conservative party to oppose the motion vigorously, and when the majority of the chambers declared for the proposition, he dissolved the legislative bodies by a decree of 22 July. This brought about a popular reaction, the result of which was that the Marquis of Olinda was deposed, and Pedro II., being proclaimed of age, assumed the government. From 29 September, 1848, till 8 October, 1849, Lima occupied the portfolio of foreign affairs and the presidency of the council of ministers. He was again called twice to organize a cabinet, on 4 May. 1857, at the death of the Marquis of Parana, and on 30 May, 1862, and in the latter he took the portfolio of state, but he soon retired to private life.

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