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Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century biographies contain errors and bias. We rely on volunteers to edit the historic biographies on a continual basis. If you would like to edit this biography please submit a rewritten biography in text form . If acceptable, the new biography will be published above the 19th Century Appleton's Cyclopedia Biography citing the volunteer editor





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Pedro de Hinojosa

A Stan Klos Biography Company

HINOJOSA, Pedro de (e-no-cho'-sah), Spanish soldier, born in Trujillo late in the 15th century; died in Chuquisaca, Bolivia, 6 May, 1553. He came to Peru with Hernando Pizarro on the latter's return from Spain in 1534, and in the following year was sent to Cuzco as lieutenant-governor.

 

When Almagro, on his return from Chile, took Cuzco, Hinojosa was made prisoner, together with Gonzalo Pizarro, but managed to escape and fought under Pizarro's banner in the battle of Salinas, where Almagro was vanquished, 26 April, 1538. In recompense he was appointed governor of the new city of La Plata or Chuquisaca, and after the assassination of Francisco Pizarro he sided with the royal president, Vaca de Castro, against Almagro's son, and took part in the battle of Chupas, 16 September, 1542, where young Almagro's power was finally destroyed.

 

When Gonzalo Pizarro prepared to resist the authority of the viceroy, Nunez Vela, Hinojosa was appointed captain of his guard, and in 1545 admiral of his fleet. With eleven vessels he appeared before Panama and by skilful negotiations obtained possession of the city, occupying also in 1546 Nombre de Dios, on the other side of the isthmus, thus making Gonzalo master of the road to the South sea.

 

When the royal commissioner, Pedro de la Gasca, arrived in Panama in August, 1546, he won over Hinojosa by the promise of rich rewards and by exciting his fears, and when Gonzalo obstinately refused any pacific arrangement, the former went over to the royal cause with the whole fleet on 19 November, 1546. He accompanied Gasca to Peru in his campaign against Pizarro, and took part in the battle of Sacsahuana, 9 April, 1548, where the latter was defeated and taken prisoner. In recompense, Hinojosa received the Indian commandery that had formerly belonged to Gonzalo Pizarro, and the grant of a silver-mine, thus having a revenue of nearly $200,000.

 

After the departure of Gasca, Hinojosa was appointed in 1551 by the new viceroy, Antonio de Mendoza, governor and chief justice of the province of Charcas, and when a revolution began in upper Peru he did his best to quell it, although the insurgents had secretly counted upon him, on account of his expressions of discontent with some measures that had been enacted by the viceroy.

 

Exasperated by what they considered his treachery, Sebastian del Castillo, with seven other conspirators, entered his house early on 6 May and murdered him. Notwithstanding his greed for riches, Hinojosa was of a kind and just temperament, but weak in character, and allowed himself to be guided by traitors.

 

 

Edited Appletons Encyclopedia by John Looby, Copyright © 2001 VirtualologyTM

 

HINOJOSA, Pedro de (e-no-cho'-sah), Spanish soldier, born in Trujillo late in the 15th century; died in Chuquisaca, Bolivia, 6 May, 1553. He came to Peru with Hernando Pizarro on the latter's return from Spain in 1534, and in the following year was sent to Cuzco as lieutenant-governor. When Almagro, on his return from Chili, took Cuzco, Hinojosa was made prisoner, together with Gonzalo Pizarro, but managed to escape and fought under Pizarro's banner in the battle of Salinas, where Almagro was vanquished, 26 April, 1538. In recompense he was appointed governor of the new city of La Plata or Chuquisaca, and after the assassination of Francisco Pizarro he sided with the royal president, Vaca de Castro, against Almagro's son, and took part in the battle of Chupas, 16 September, 1542, where young Almagro's power was finally destroyed. When Gonzalo Pizarro prepared to resist the authority of the viceroy, Nunez Vela, Hinojosa was appointed captain of his guard, and in 1545 admiral of his fleet. With eleven vessels he appeared before Panama and by skilful negotiations obtained possession of the city, occupying also in 1546 Nombre de Dios, on the other side of the isthmus, thus making Gonzalo master of the road to the South sea. When the royal commissioner, Pedro de la Gasca, arrived in Panama in August, 1546, he won over Hinojosa by the promise of rich rewards and by exciting his fears, and when Gonzalo obstinately refused any pacific arrangement, the former went over to the royal cause with the whole fleet on 19 November, 1546. He accompanied Gasca to Peru in his campaign against Pizarro, and took part in the battle of Sacsahuana, 9 April, 1548, where the latter was defeated and taken prisoner. In recompense, Hinojosa received the Indian commandery that had formerly belonged to Gonzalo Pizarro, and the grant of a solver-mine, thus having a revenue of nearly $200,000. After the departure of Gasca, Hinojosa was appointed in 1551 by the new viceroy, Antonio de Mendoza, governor and chief justice of the province of Charcas, and when a revolution began in upper Peru he did his best to quell it, although the insurgents had secretly counted upon him, on account of his expressions of discontent with some measures that had been enacted by the viceroy. Exasperated by what they considered his treachery, Sebastian del Castillo, with seven other conspirators, entered his house early on 6 May and murdered him. Notwithstanding his greed for riches, Hinojosa was of a kind and just temperament, but weak in character, and allowed himself to be guided by traitors.

Edited Appletons Encyclopedia, Copyright © 2001 VirtualologyTM

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