Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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FORTOUL, Pedro (fortoM'), Colombian soldier, born in Rosario de Cucuta, Colombia, in May 1780; died there, 5 January 1837. He was of French descent, entered the Cueuta militia as a lieutenant in August 1810, and by successive promotions attained the grade of general of division, 30 October 1829. He was with the forces that operated in the north of New Granada in 1812, and his bravery won him distinction. He took part in the following battles: San Antonio de Cucuta, 1812; Capacho and Carrilio, 1813 ; Balaga, 1814; Cachiri, 1815; ¥agual and Apure, 1816; Barinas, 1818; Pantano de Vargas and four others in 1819. In that year he was the leader of the campaign in the north, and in 1822 and 1824 commander-in-chief of the campaign in Cucuta. At the close of this campaign he became governor of the province of Boyaca, and held the office for five years. General Fortoul suffered great hardships during his campaigns. After the battle of San Antonio de Apure in 1816, he emigrated toward Casanare, accompanied by his wife and children and others equally unfortunate. Many died of hunger and fatigue, and the survivors saved themselves by eating human flesh. Fortoul was reduced to extreme poverty by the destruction of his property during the war.
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