Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century
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GARCIA-CONDE, Pedro, Mexican soldier, born in Arispe, 8 February, 1806; died there, 19 December 1851. His father was Spanish military governor of the northwest inland provinces. He became a cadet in the regiment of Cerro-Gordo in Durango in 1817. He was promoted until he held the rank of captain, when independence was declared, 27 September, 1821. In 1835 he took part in the campaign against Texas, and after the defeat and capture of Santa Anna, 21 April, 1836, was appointed inspector-general of militia. On 30 June, 1838, he was promoted colonel and appointed director of the military College, which post he held till 1844, introducing many reforms. On 23 October, 1841, he obtained the full rank of general. In 1844 he was elected to congress for the state of Sonora, but took part in the revolution of 6 December against Santa Anna, and, being appointed by General Herrera secretary of war, resigned the direction of the military College. As secretary he began the reorganization of the army, but, before he could conclude it, a new revolution, headed by General Paredes, in 1846, overthrew the government. While Garcia was in banishment in Chihuahua, the war with the United States began. He offered his services to the government, was appointed commander of the cavalry on the northwestern frontier, and as such assisted in the battle of Sacramento. He was elected senator in 1847, and joined congress in November in Queretaro, where it was in session during the occupation of the capital by the American forces. After the treaty of peace, Gareia became president of the commission to fix the new boundary between Mexico and the United States. His death was probably hastened by the privations that he endured while fulfilling this duty.
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