Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MARQUEZ, Pedro Jose (mar'-keth), Mexican author, born in San Francisco del Rincon, 22 February, 1741; died in the city of Mexico, 2 September, 1820. After a course of study he entered the Jesuit order in Mexico in 1763. He was professor of Latin in the College of Espiritu Santo in Puebla de los Angeles when his order was expelled in 1767, and then went to Italy, where he dedicated himself to architecture and the fine arts. In Rome he wrote his principal works, which are better known in the Old World than in his own country. He was made a member of the academies of Madrid, Bologna, Florence, and Saragossa. In 1814 he returned to Mexico and gave himself to teaching in the College of San Ildefonso, where his pupils in-eluded Jose Bernardo Couto. The latter intended to translate the works of Marquez from the Italian, but he died in 1862 without accomplishing the task. Marquez's works include "Delle case di Citta degli antichi Romani secondo la dottrina di Vitruvio" (Rome, 1795) ; " Delle Ville di Plinio il Giovane con un Appendice sugli Atri della S. Scrittura e gli Scamilli impari di Vitruvio" (1796); and " Due antichi Monumenti di Architectura Mrs-sicana illustrati" (1804). 1RARROQIJIN, Francisco (mar-re-keen'), Central American R. C. bishop, born in Toranzo, Spain, in 1503; died in Santiago, Guatemala, 19 June, 1563. He was professor of philosophy and theology in Osma, and while preaching at the court of Charles V. became an intimate friend of Pedro de Alva-rado (q. v.). He accompanied Alvarado to Guatemala, where he was appointed by Bishop Zumarraga, of Mexico, first rector of Santiago, and afterward vicar-general of the province. He was presented by the emperor to the bishopric of Guatemala in 1533, confirmed by the pope in the following year, and consecrated in Mexico in 1537. He dedicated himself with zeal to the education of the Indians, bringing for the purpose from Spain some Dominican friars, among whom was Bartolome de las Casas, and Franciscans from Mexico. He soon acquired the Indian language and treated the natives so kindly that they founded a town, which they called in his honor San Juan del Obispo. He erected a hospital and college and began a cathedral. He wrote "Catecismo y doctrina cristiana en idioma Utlateco " (Mexico, 1556), and "Arte para aprender los principales idiomas de Guatemala," which, according to Remesal, was placed in the library of Tlaltelolco in manuscript.
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