Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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LAGOS, Pedro (lah'-gos), Chilian soldier, born in Chillan in December, 1827; died in Santiago in October, 1884. In his early" youth he entered the army as a common soldier, and during the civil war of 1851 did good service in the battle of Petorca on 14 October and in that of Longomilla on 8 December, and was promoted major. In the civil war of 1859 he served again under the government, became brevet colonel, and, after numerous campaigns against the Araucanians, was promoted colonel by congress in 1875. He was for many years commander of the Chilian frontier against the Araucanians, and in 1878 was appointed inspector-general of the national guard. During the war against Peru and Bolivia he was in command of a brigade, and took part in the battles of Calama, 23 March, Pisagua, 2 November, Dolores, 19 November, and Tarapaca, 27 November, 1879. In 1880 he participated in the expedition to the province of Moquegua, and commanded in the attack and capture of the fortress of Ariea on 7 June, for which he was promoted brigadier. In January, 1881, he commanded a division of 8,500 men in the battle of Chovrillos, and the victory of Miraflores was principally due to him, according to the official report of the commander-in-chief. After his return to Chili he was promoted by congress major-general and appointed inspector-general of the army, which post he held at. the time of his death.
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