Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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LOZAN0, Pedro, Spanish missionary, born in Spain toward the end of the 17th century; died, probably, in South America. He entered the Jesuit order at an early age, and as soon as his studies were finished was sent as a missionary to South America. Immediately after his arrival he was appointed professor in the College of Cordova in Tucuman. His works are "Descripcion corografica de terreno, rios, arboles y animales de las dilatadisimas provincias del Gran Chaco Gualamba, y de los ritos y costumbres de las innumerables naciones barbaras e infieles que le habitan, con un mapa del Chaco," copies of which, accompanied by the map, which was engraved by J. Petroschi in 1733, are very rare (Cordova, 1733) ; "Historia de la com pafiia de Jesus en la provincia del Paraguay," whose value is impaired by the diffuseness of the style and the author's credulity, and which was bitterly attacked on its appearance on account of its exposures of the cruelties of the conquerors toward the natives (2 vols., Madrid, 1753); and "Diario de un viaje a la costa de la mar Magallanica en 1745," which is translated by Charlevoix in his " Histoire du Paraguay," is also found in the "Histoire gendrale des voyages" of the Abbe Prevost, and forms part of the first volume of the "Coleccion de obras y documentos" published by De Angelis (Buenos Ayres, 1836). The same volume contains a letter of Lozano to Father Juan de Alzola on the mysterious city of the Caesars, written in 1746, which would seem to justify the charge of credulity that was made against the author by Spanish writers. Lozano also wrote a narrative that gives a very vivid and interesting account of the death of the Jesuit Castanares, who was assassinated by the Mataguayos Indians on the banks of the Pilcomayo. It is dated 1 May, 1747, and is published in the "Lettres edifiantes."
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