Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MOLINA, Pedro, Central American statesman, born in Guatemala in 1777 ; died about 1850. He advocated in his writings constitutional principles in Central America before the assertion of the independence of his country, was a leader of the Liberal party, and a strenuous supporter of reforms and free institutions. He was one of the first members of the national executive in 1823, minister from the Central American republics to Colombia in 1825, where he signed a treaty of alliance between these two countries, and represented Central America in the congress of Panama in 1826. He was governor of Guatemala in 1829, secretary of state for foreign affairs in 1832-'3, was exiled by Carrera, and resided several years in Costa Rica. In 1848 he was a deputy to the constitutional assembly. For many years he was president of the medical faculty and chief director of the University of Guatemala. He was eminent as a physician, politician, and poet.--His son, Felipe, statesman, born in Guatemala in 1812; died in Washington, D. C., 1 February, 1855, was a member of the Liberal party, and held several political offices. After the downfall of the Federal government he was exiled and went to Costa Rica with his father. In 1848 he was appointed envoy of that republic to Nicaragua, and was subsequently minister from Costa Rica to England, France, Spain, Rome, the Hanseatic towns, and to the United States, negotiating a commercial treaty with the last-named government. He published in various languages sketches of Costa Rica and reports on the boundary and navigation questions between that republic, Nicaragua, and Colombia.
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