Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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G0ES, Pero de (go'-es), Portuguese pioneer, born in Lisbon in 1503; died in Sao Salvador de Bahia, in 1554. He was a brother of Damian de Goes, the historian. He served as captain in the fleet, and by his geographical knowledge was of great service in the expedition of Martin Alfonso de Sousa to Brazil in December, 1530. In recompense of his services, Goes was given, in 1532, the district north of Sousa's captaincy of Sao Vicente, extending 150 miles on the coast to the River of Itapimirim, with nearly sovereign rights. Ha introduced the sugar-cane from the Canary islands, and soon had flourishing plantations, gut the surrounding Indians were very troublesome, and Goes sailed for Portugal, in 1541, in quest of monetary resources and re-enforcements. When he returned in the next year with an expedition, he found his establishments and cane-fields burnt down, and his colonists dispersed or killed by the savages. He tried to restore cultivation, organized an expedition into the interior, defeated the Indians in many engagements, in one of which he lost an eye (1543), and for three years enjoyed tranquillity. But toward the end of 1546 the Indians again laid his plantations waste, and in 1547 he sailed for Lisbon, to lay his grievances before the court. On 12 May, 1548, he said to King John III. : "If your majesty does not soon succor the hardy colonists and captains of Brazil, before they lose property and lives, your majesty will lose the colony." Impressed by these words, the king appointed Thorne de Sousa governor-general of Brazil, and sent him, in 1549, to protect the pioneers. In his voyage of 1547 Goes is believed to have brought the first tobacco-plants to Europe. On his return to Brazil, Goes was appointed "Capital major." and with an armed vessel cruised on the coast, making several captures of contraband vessels. He assisted Sousa greatly in the organization of the administration and in the development of the resources of the new colony, and sent many valuable notes to his brother for his history of Portugal and its colonies. Goes had a disagreement with Sousa's successor, Duarte de Costa, in 1553, and was preparing to sail for Europe when he died.
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