Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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BIARD, Peter (bi-are), missionary, born in Grenoble, France, in 1565; died in France in 1622. As a missionary priest of the Jesuits he came to America, visiting Port Royal, Nova Scotia, in 1611. In 1612 he ascended Kennebec River and established friendly relations with the natives. The following year he visited Penobscot river, about the same time establishing u colony on Mount Desert island, hoping to make it a permanent missionary settlement. The same year, however, the little hamlet was destroyed by the English under Samuel Argall, deputy-governor of Virginia. One of Biard's assistants was killed, and he himself made prisoner and carried away. This outrage caused the earliest actual hostilities between the French and English colonists. In 1616 was published in Lyons, from his pen, the first of the remarkable series of "Jesuit Relations" (40 vols., 1632-'72), which have proved among the richest sources of information for historians of America. Biard's volume was entitled "Relation de la nouvelle France," etc.
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