Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MAREUIL, Peter de, French missionary, born in France ; died there in 1742. He was a member of the Society of Jesus and was stationed among the Onondagas in 1708, when he informed the Marquis de Vaudreuil, the governor-general of Canada, that the Iroquois, at the instigation of the English, were about to declare war against the French colony. No attention was paid to his letter. War began in the following year, and Colonel Peter Schuyler went from Albany to Onondaga to persuade the missionary to accompany him thither on his return. Mareuil, unable to go to Canada, as the roads were beset by war-parties, accepted the offer, and retired to Albany, where, in spite of the penal laws against Roman Catholic priests, he was welcomed as a friend, and, by a resolution of the assembly, maintained at the public expense, although as a state prisoner. He visited New York, where he witnessed the English preparations for the Chambly expedition, in 1710 there was an exchange of prisoners, and he was allowed to return to Montreal, which he reached in April, 1711. He afterward returned to France, and was employed in the College Louis le Grand, where he died. He was the last Jesuit missionary that was stationed among the Iroquois.
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