Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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KALM, Peter, botanist, born in Ostro Bothnia, Sweden, in 1715; died in Abo, Sweden, 16 November, 1779. He was educated at Upsala and Abo, and after travelling extensively in Russia, was sent by the Swedish government, at the suggestion of Linnaeus, to investigate the botany and natural history of North America. Landing in Philadelphia in 1748, he spent three years in Pennsylvania, New York, and Canada, and returning to Abo became a professor of natural history there. He was afterward elected a member of the Stockholm academy of sciences, and created knight of the Order of Vasa. The evergreen plant kahnia was named in his horror. Besides several scientific works, he wrote "A Voyage to North America," an account of the soils and the natural curiosities of this country (Abo, 1753-'61, English translation, London, 1772).
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