Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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LOEFLING, Peter, Spanish-American botanist, born in Tollsforsbro, Sweden, 31 January, 1729; died in the mission of Amaracure, South America, 22 February, 1756. He was a pupil of Linnaeus, and, when the Spanish ambassador requested the latter to select a botanist for service in the American colonies, the professor at once named Loefling, who left Stockholm in 1751. He remained two years in Spain, and then embarked with other scientists for South America in February, 1754. He had entire charge of the department of natural history, and was assisted by two young Spanish doctors. His premature death was considered a great loss to natural history, and especially to botany. Linnaeus believed the loss irreparable. The manuscripts of Loefling, which were found after his death, were preserved by his two assistants. The work that gives an account of his scientific labors in Spanish America is entitled "Her hispanicum" (Stockhohn, 1758 ; Swedish translation by Linnaeus; German translation by Kolpin, Berlin, 1766; English translation by J. G. A. Forster, 1771). Linnaeus gave the name Loeflingia to a plant of the caryophillaceous family, one species of which grows in Spare and the other in Spanish America.
LOEWENSTERN, Isidore, Austrian traveller, born in Vienna in 1807 ; died in Constantinople, 6 May, 1856. After completing his studies in Germany, he travelled extensively in the United States, Mexico, and the West Indies, and on his return to Europe published "Les Etats-Unis et la Havane, souvenirs d'un voyageur" (Paris, 1842), and "Le Mexique, souvenirs d'un voyageur " (1843).
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