Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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CHURCH, Pharcellus, clergyman, born in Seneca, near Geneva, New York, 11 August, 1801; died in Tarrytown, New York, 5 June, 1886. He was graduated at Madison University in 1824, where, in 1847, he received the degree of D. D. After studying theology, he was ordained and held pastorates in Providence, Rhode Island, New Orleans, Louisiana, Rochester, New York, Boston, Massachusetts, and elsewhere. He edited the "New York Chronicle" from 1854 till 1865, and continued to the end of his life one of the proprietors of the "Examiner," with which that paper was consolidated. He went to Europe in 1846 as a delegate to the Evangelical alliance, and resided abroad for several years. After his retirement as editor, he engaged in linguistic and other studies. While at Rochester he originated the movement that resulted in the establishment of Rochester University, and otherwise was a conspicuous figure in western New York. In Boston he was an associate editor of the " Watchman and Reflector." Until his death he was busy with literary work, his efforts being directed more especially to the promotion of Christian union. Dr. Church's published works, besides many sermons and addresses, were "Philosophy of Benevolence" (New York, 1836); a prize essay on " Religious Dissensions: their Cause and Cure" (1838); "Antioch; or Increase of Moral Power in the Church" (Boston, 1843); " Life of Theodosia Dean" (1851); " Maple-ton; or More Work for the Maine Law" (1852); and "Seed Truths ; or Bible Views of Mind, Morals, and Religion" (New York and Edinburgh, 1871).-His son, William Conant, publisher, born in Rochester, New York, 11 August, 1836, removed to Boston, Massachusetts, in 1848, and completed his education at the Boston Latin-school in 1851. In 1853 he removed to New York and engaged with his father in editing and publishing the " New York Chronicle," afterward merged with the " Examiner," in which he retained a proprietary interest. He became the publisher of the New York "Sun" in 1860, and served as war correspondent of the New York "Times" during 1861-'2, until his appointment, on 4 October, 1862, as captain of United States volunteers. He received the brevets of major and lieutenant colonel on 11 March, 1865. In 1882 he was appointed one of the commissioners to inspect the Northern Pacific railroad. In 1863, with his brother Francis, he established the "Army and Navy Journal," of which he is at present editor and proprietor, and in 1866 the " Galaxy" magazine. He has contributed to the " Century" and other magazines.-Another son, Francis Pharcellus, editor, born in Rochester, New York, 22 February, 1839, was graduated at Columbia in 1859, and, after studying law, became one of the editors and publishers of the "Army and Navy Journal," and later, with his brother, founded and edited the " Galaxy" magazine. He is also a leading editorial writer for New York daily journals.--Another son, John Adams, raining engineer, born in Rochester, New York, 5 April, 1843, was graduated at the Columbia school of mines in 1867. The years 1868-'70 were spent in study in Europe, and on his return he served as professor of mineralogy and metallurgy pro tern. in the School of mines, and as editor of the "Engineering and Mining Journal" during 1872-'4. In 1878, while attached to the United States geographical and geological survey west of the 100th meridian, he examined the Comstock silver lode in Nevada (his result being printed privately), and was elected professor of mining and metallurgy in the State University of Ohio, at Columbus. He became superintendent for the Tombstone mill and mining company at Tombstone, Arizona, in 1881, and has since been engaged as a mining engineer. He has published " The Mining Schools of the United States" (a pamphlet, New York, 1871); " Notes on a Metallurgical Journal in Europe" (1873); "The Com-stock Lode" (1880); and "Report upon the Striking of Artesian Water, Sulphur Spring Valley, Arizona" (published by the territory, 1883).
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