Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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CHASE, Philander, P. E. bishop, born in Cornish, New Hampshire, 14 December, 1775; died at Jubilee College, Illinois, 20 September, 1852. He was graduated at Dartmouth in 1795. Although of Congregational origin and training, he was led into the Episcopal church by having met with a prayer-book and examined its contents, and thereupon studied for the ministry and was ordained by Bishop Provoost, in New York, deacon, 10 June, 1798, priest, 10 November, 1799. For several years he was occupied in missionary labors in northern and western New York, and also in teaching school. Ill 1805, on account of his wife's delicate health, he went to New Orleans, Louisiana, where he labored zealously and successfully in behalf of the P. E. church. Returning to the north in 1811, he became rector of Christ church, Hartford, Connecticut, which prospered under his ministrations. For years past, however, as his heart and mind were deeply concerned in the position and prospects of the west, he felt the urgent call to make that part of the country his field of labor. Accordingly, in 1817, he went to Ohio and began the work of establishing the church in that region, he organized several parishes, assuming the rectorship of three himself, and taking charge of the academy at Worthington, Ohio, and, having been elected bishop, was consecrated ill Philadelphia, 11 February, 1819. He toiled on, amid trials and discouragements, and finally resolved to go to England to ask for aid. He met with great success, collecting about $30,000, with which on his return he purchased 8,000 acres of land and laid the foundations of a College and theological seminary. These, in grateful acknowledgment of the generous kindness of two English noblemen, were named Kenyon College and Gambler theological seminary. Disputes having arisen between the bishop and some of his clergy in regard to the proper use of the funds obtained from England and his power of jurisdiction, he resigned, in September, 1831, both the diocese and the presidency of the College. Still intent upon missionary labor, he removed farther west, took possession of a large tract of land in Michigan, and did missionary duty in the vicinity for three years, and in 1835 was chosen bishop of Illinois. He again visited England, with the same object as before, and collected about $10,000 for educational work. His labors culminated in the founding of Jubilee College, in 1838, at Robin's Nest, Illinois A charter was obtained in 1847, placing the College entirely in the hands of the church. He was presiding bishop from 1843 till 1852o He was a man of indomitable perseverance and great strength of will, and was the most energetic and successful pioneer of the Episcopal church in the west. He published "A Plea for the West" (1826); " The Star in the West, or Kenyon College" (1828); "Defence of Kenyon College" (1831); and "Reminiscences: an Autobiography, comprising a History of the Principal Events in the Author's Life to 1847" (2 vols., New York, 1848).
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