Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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JOHNSON, Philip Carrigain, naval officer, born in Maine, 21 November, 1828; died in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 28 January, 1887. He entered the navy in 1846, and was present at the bombardment of "Vera Cruz and Tuspan during the Mexican war. In 1847-'8 he served in the frigate "Ohio," of the Pacific squadron, and spent the next four years at the naval school and with the Brazil squadron. In 1854-'9 he was attached to the coast survey. He became a lieutenant in 1855, from 1859 till 1861 was attached to the "San Jacinto," then cruising on the coast of Africa, and from 1861 till 1863 commanded the "Tennessee" of the Western Gulf squadron, being present at the bombardment and passage of Fort Jackson and Fort St. Philip. He became a lieutenant-commander in 1862, and in 1864 was attached to the "Katahdin," of the Western Gulf squadron. In 1865-'6 he was stationed in the naval academy, and two years afterward he served on the "Sacramento." He became a commander in 1867, and from 1868 till 1870 was fleet-captain of the South Pacific squadron. He was made captain in 1874, and served until 1876 on the South Pacific station, commanding the "Omaha" and the "Richmond." In 1877-'81 he was stationed at the Mare island navy yard, and was then ordered to the command of the training ship "New Hampshire." he subsequently served as chief signal officer of the navy, and in 1884 was promoted to the rank of commodore and placed in command of Portsmouth navy yard He was promoted to rear-admiral 26 January, 1887.
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