Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
and Company, 1887-1889 and 1999. Virtualology.com warns that these 19th Century
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CHARLEVOIX, Pierre Francois Xavier de, French traveller, born in Saint-Quentin, 29 October, 1682 ; died in La Fleche, 1 February, 1761. He entered the Jesuit society in 1698, and while a scholar was sent to Quebec in 1705, and during the four years following his arrival taught in the College in that place. After completing his divinity studies, he became a professor of belles-lettres in France, published a history of Christianity in Japan, and returned to Canada in 1720. For some time after his arrival he was at Sault St. Louis. Then he ascended the St. Lawrence, and, reaching the Mississippi by way of the Illinois, descended the River to New Orleans, thence proceeding to France by way of Santo Domingo, after an absence of two years. He published, in 1724, a " Life of Mother Mary of the Incarnation," first superior of the Ursulines at Quebec. From 1733 till 1755 he was one of the directors of the " Journal de trevoux." He published in succession histories of Santo Domingo and Japan, and in 1744 his "Histoire de la nouvelle France," which had been kept back for twenty years. Simulta neous with the latter appeared the journal that he wrote while in America, which was addressed to the Duchess de Lesdiguiere, and was soon translated into English. Though his history was praised and quoted as an authority by scholars, it was not translated until recently, when an edition in English was published by John Gilmary Shea (New York, 6 vols., 1865-'72). The last work written by Charlevoix was a history of Paraguay (1756).
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