Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MENARD, Pierre, lieutenant-governor of Illinois, born in Quebec, Canada, in 1767; died in Kaskaskia, Illinois, in 1845. He removed to Kaskaskia about 1788, and became a trader in furs and pelts with the Indians, with all of whom he sustained friendly relations, fie was a United States district judge for many years, a member of the territorial legislature, and presiding officer of the council. On the admission of Illinois to the Union in 1818, he was chosen its first lieutenant-governor. The state constitution of that year provided that the governor and lieu-tenant-governor should be for thirty years a citizen of the United States, but Colonel Menard having been naturalized only two years before, an article was added to the constitution providing that any citizen of the United States that had resided in Illinois two years preceding the election should be eligible to the office of lieutenant-governor. During his occupation of that post a series of laws were adopted which have to a great extent become the foundation of all subsequent legislation. His official life ended with his term in 1822, and he subsequently devoted himself to his private affairs and to charity. A statue, the gift of Charles P. Chouteau, of St. Louis, was erected to his memory at Springfield, Illinois, in January, 1888.--His daughter, BERENICE, born in 1801; died in Kansas City, Missouri, 20 November, 1888, was the first white woman that ever lived in Kansas City, and married in 1819 Francis F. Chouteau. She was a devout Roman Catholic, and built the first church erected in Kansas City.
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