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Pinekney Benton Stewart Pinchback

PINCHBACK, Pinekney Benton Stewart, governor of Louisiana, born in Macon, Georgia, 10 May, 1837. He is of African descent. In 1846 he was sent to school in Cincinnati, Ohio. In 1.848 his father died, and he became a boatman. In 1862, he ran the Confederate blockade at Yazoo City and reached New Orleans, then in possession of the National troops. He enlisted, and was soon detailed to assist in raising a regiment, but, owing to his race, he was compelled to resign, 3 September, 1863. He was subsequently authorized by General Nathaniel P. Banks to raise a company of colored cavalry. In 1867 he organized in New Orleans the 4th ward Republican club, became a member of the state committee, and was made inspector of customs on 22 May. He was a member of the Constitutional convention of 1867, state senator in 1868, and was sent to the National Republican convention of the last-named year. He was appointed by President (@ant, in April, 1869, register of the land-office of New Orleans, and on 25 December, 1870, established the New Orleans "Louisianian." The same year he organized a company for the purpose of establishing a line of steamers on Mississippi river. In March, 1871, he was appointed by the state board a school director for the city of New Orleans, and on 6 December, 1871, he was elected president pro tempore of the state senate, and lieutenant-governor to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death of Oscar Dunn. He was acting governor during the impeachment of Governor Warmoth from 9 December, 1872, to 13 January, 1873. He was nominated for governor in 1872, but withdrew in the interest of party peace, and was elected on the same ticket as congressman. He was chosen to the United States senate, 15 January, 1873, but after three years' debate he was disallowed his seat by a vote of 32 to 29, although he was given the pay and mileage of a senator. On 24 April, 1873, he was appointed a commissioner to the Vienna exposition from Louisiana, and in 1877 he was appointed a member of the state board of education by Governor Francis F. Nichols. On 8 February, 1879, he was elected a delegate to the Constitutional convention of the state. Mr. Pinchback was appointed surveyor of customs of New Orleans in 1882, and a trustee of Southern university by Governor McEnery in 1883 and 1885. He was graduated at the law department of Straight university, New Orleans, and admitted to the bar in April, 1886.

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