Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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CLAYTON, Powell, governor of Arkansas, born in Bethel, Delaware County, Pennsylvania, 7 August, 1888. He was educated in the common schools and in an academy at Bristol, Pennsylvania, studied civil engineering at Wihnington, Del., and in 1859 was chosen engineer and surveyor of Leavenworth, Kansas. When the civil war began he entered the National army as captain in the 1st Kansas infantry, 29 May. 1861. He was appointed, 27 February, 1862, lieutenant colonel of the 5th Kansas cavalry, and was made colonel on 30 March. 1862. On 6 May, 1868, he commanded a successful expedition from Helena, Ark., to the White River to break up a band of guerillas and destroy Confederate stores, and later an expedition from Pine Bluff in March, 1864, which inflicted severe loss on the enemy. On 1 August, 1864, he was commissioned a brigadier-general. He settled in Arkansas as a planter after the war, was elected governor, and entered upon the office in June, 1868. He was United States senator from 25 March, 1871, till 3 March, 1877. Afterward he resided at Eureka Springs, and became president of the Eureka improvement company.
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