Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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BUCKLAND, Ralph Pomeroy, soldier, born in Leyden, Massachusetts, 20 January, 1812. His father removed to Ohio when Ralph was but a few months old. He was educated at Kenyon College, but was never graduated, afterward studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1837. He was a delegate to the Whig national convention of 1848, served as state senator from 1855 till 1859, and in 1861 was appointed colonel of the 72d Ohio infantry. He commanded the 4th brigade of Sherman's division at the battle of Shiloh, and was made a brigadier-general 29 November, 1862. He also commanded a brigade of the 15th army corps at Vicksburg and the district of Memphis during the year 1864. During absence from the field, in 1864, he was elected to congress, and served two terms. He resigned from the army, 9 January, 1865, and on 13 March was brevetted major general of volunteers. He was a delegate to the Philadelphia loyalists' convention of 1866, to the Pittsburgh soldiers' convention, and to the republican national convention of 1876. General Buckland was president of the managers of the Ohio soldiers' and sailors' orphans' home from 1867 till 1873, and government director of the Pacific railroad from 1877 till 1880.
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