Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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MUSSEY, Reuben Dimond, surgeon, born in Pelham, New Hampshire, 23 June, 1780 ; died in Boston, Massachusetts, 21 June, 1866. He was graduated at Dartmouth in 1803, and at the medical department of the University of Pennsylvania in 1809, and while a student subjected himself to an experiment that demonstrated the incorrectness of the theory that the human skin has no power of absorption. He practised in Salem, Massachusetts, from 1809 till 1814, when he was made professor of materia medica and therapeutics in Dartmouth, holding this chair until 1820. He was also professor of obstetrics from 1814 till 1838, and professor of anatomy and surgery from 1822 till 1838. In 1831-'5 he lectured on anatomy and surgery in Bowdoin. He was professor of surgery in Ohio medical college from 1838 till 1852, and held the same chair in Miami medical college from 1852 till 1860, when he removed to Boston. In 1830 he proved what Sir Astley Cooper had said was impossible, that intra-capsular fractures could be united, and was the first person to tie both carotid arteries. In 1837 he removed the entire shoulder-blade and collar-bone of a patient who was suffering from osteo-sarcoma, the first operation of the kind on record. Dr. Mussey was president of the New Hampshire medical society, and was an early laborer in the temperance cause. Harvard gave him the degree of A. M. in 1806, and Dartmouth that of LL.D. in 1854. In addition to addresses, he was the author of " Health: its Friends and its Foes" (Boston, 1862).--His son, William Heberdon, surgeon, born in Hanover, New Hampshire, 30 September, 1818; died in Cincinnati, Ohio, 1 August, 1882, studied at Phillips Andover academy and was graduated at Ohio medical college in 1848, subsequently studying medicine in Paris. He returned to Cincinnati and made a specialty of general surgery. In 1.855 he was surgeon to St. John's hotel for invalids, Cincinnati. He served in the civil war as a surgeon, became medical inspector with the rank of lieutenant-colonel on 14 June, 1862, and resigned on 1 January, 1864. He was appointed surgeon of the Cincinnati hospital on 15 April, 1864, and also in that year vice-president of the American medical association. In 1865 he was given the chair of operative and clinical surgery in Miami medical college, which post he held until his death. In 1876 he became surgeon-general of Ohio and president of the Cincinnati natural history society. He was president of the Cincinnati board of education from 1879 till 1880, and from 1876 till 1881 a manager of the public library of that city, to which he gave 5,000 volumes and 2,500 pamphlets as a nucleus for the "Mussey medical and scientific library," designed as a memorial to his father. He received the degree of A. M. from Dartmouth in 1869.
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