Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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BOURNE, Richard, missionary, born in England; died in Sandwich, Massachusetts, in 1682. He was one of the first settlers at Sandwich, and, as there was no minister there, took charge of the religious services until the settlement of the Rev. Mr. Smith. Bourne then resolved to devote himself to the conversion of the Indians, and went to Marshpee as early as 1658, where he is spoken of as assisting in the settlement of a boundary between the property of the Indians and that of the settlers at Barnstable. He acquired a knowledge of the Indian tongue, and on 17 August 1670, was ordained pastor of an Indian Church at Marshpee, consisting of his converts, the ceremony being performed by the celebrated "apostle to the Indians," John Eliot. In 1660 he obtained at his own expense a deed securing to those under his charge the possession of Marshpee. His son Shearjashub, his grandson Ezra, and his great-grandson Joseph, had charge after him of the settlement at Marshpee.*His great-great-grandson, Benjamin, jurist, born in Bristol, Rhode Island, 9 September 1755: died 17 September 1808, was graduated at Harvard in 1775, studied law, and practiced in Providence, Rhode Island, where he filled several public offices. He was quartermaster of the 2d Rhode Island regiment in 1776, and in 1789 was a member of a committee sent to the continental congress with a petition from Rhode Island. He was often a member of the state legislature, and was elected the first representative to congress from Rhode Island after the adoption of the constitution. He was re-elected three times successively, serving from. 17 December 1790, till 1796, when he resigned. In 1801 he was appointed judge of the United States district court in Rhode Island.
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