Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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ANDERSON, Richard Clough, soldier, born in Hanover County, Virginia, 12 January 1750; died near Louisville, Kentucky, 16 October 1826. As captain in the 5th Virginia continentals, he led the advance of the Americans at the battle of Trenton (24 December 1776), crossing the Delaware River in the first boat, and driving in the Hessian outposts several hours before the main attack was delivered.
He was at the battles of Brandywine and Germantown, and was a daring leader wherever dash and resolution were needed, tie was at the deathbed of Pulaski, and the dying Pole gave him his sword as a memento. After the war he removed to the wilderness of Kentucky, near Louisville, and led the life of a pioneer and Indian fighter until advancing civilization pushed the frontier so far westward that he was too old to follow. Before the close of the last century he superintended the building of a two-masted vessel, which he sent to London laden with Kentucky produce. See biographical sketch by E. L. Anderson (New York, 1879).*His son, Richard 131Dash, Jr., lawyer (b. in Louisville, Kentucky, 4 August 1788; died in Tubaco, 24 July 1826), was graduated at William and Mary College in 1804, and studied law with Judge Tucker. He practiced with success at the Kentucky bar, and, after sitting in the legislature, was elected to congress in 1817 and again the following term. In 1822 he was again returned to the legislature, and was chosen speaker. He was appointed minister to Colombia in 1823 and in 1826, when, proceeding to the Panama congress as envoy extraordinary, he died on the journey.
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