Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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McCORMICK, Richard Cunningham, author, born in New York city, 23 May, 1832. He received a classical education and became a broker in 1850. In 1858-'9 he edited the "Young Men's Magazine," and in 1860 entered the editorial department of the New York "Evening Post." He was a war-correspondent of several New York newspapers, and became chief clerk of the United States department of agriculture in 1862. He was secretary of Arizona territory in 1863-'6, and governor in 1866-'9, was elected a delegate to congress from that territory for three consecutive terms, and served in 1869-'75. He established "The Arizona Miner" in 1864, and "The Arizona Citizen " in 1870, and was a delegate to the National Republican conventions of 1872, 1876, and 1880. He was a commissioner to the Centennial exhibition in 1871-'6, assistant secretary of the treasury in 1877-'8, and commissioner-general to the Paris exposition in the latter year, was made a commander of the Legion of honor by the French government, and was tendered the mission to Mexico on his return, which he declined. He published a "Visit to the Camp before Sebastopol" (New York, 1855); "St. Paul's to St. Sophia" (1.860) ; and "Arizona, its Resources" (1865). The reports of the United States commissioners to the Paris exposition (5 vols.) were prepared and published under his direction.
McCOSH, James, educator, born in Carskeoch, Ayrshire, Scotland, 1 April, 1811. He studied at the University of Glasgow from 1824 till 1829, and at that of Edinburgh from 1829 till 1834. In the latter institution he was a pupil of Dr. Thomas Chahners. Having written an essay on the Stoic philosophy, the honorary degree of A. M. was conferred upon him on motion of Sir William Hamilton. He was ordained a minister of the Church of Scotland at Arbroath in 1835, but removed in 1839 to Brechin, where he ministered to 1,400 ***contain-nicants. In 1843 he took an active part in the organization of the Free church of Scotland. While pastor at Breehin he published a work entitled " Method of the Divine Government, Physical and Moral" (Edinburgh, 1850; 5th ed., revised, London, 1856), in which he endeavors to interrogate nature by the inductive method, inquiring what is the method of the divine government, primarily in the physical world, and secondarily in providence as related to the character of man and tending to his restoration. This work discusses the laws of substance and phenomenon and of cause and effect in physical nature and in the human mind. He subsequently continued the argument in "The Supernatural in Relation to the Natural" (Belfast, 1862), which was intended as the first part of a work on "The Method of the Divine Government, Supernatural and Spiritual." The publication of the " Method " attracted public attention to its author both in Great Britain and the United States. Some one having sent a copy of it to Earl Clarendon, then lord-lieutenant of Ireland, that nobleman began to read it before divine service on a Sabbath morning, and became so interested in it that he forgot to attend church. He immediately afterward appointed Mr. McCosh professor of logic and metaphysics in Queen's college. Belfast. Here he remained for sixteen years, drawing to the institution a large body of students, and taking a deep interest in defending the national system of education in Ireland. While there he wrote his "Intuitions of the Mind Inductively Investigated" (London, 1860), which establisheit his reputation as a metaphysical writer. It explains what intuitions properly are, which of them are moral convictions, and how they are related to the sciences, particularly to metaphysics and theology. In 1868 he removed to the United States, having been elected president of the College of New Jersey, at Princeton, where his administration successful. The staff of professors has been increased from seventeen to forty-one, and the average attendance of students from 264 to 603, his own classes in philosophy usually numbering over 200. Having been thus successful in his administration, and desiring to be relieved from the cares of office on account of advancing years, Dr. McCosh offered his resignation in November, 1887, to take effect on 18 April, 1888. He received the degree of LL.D. from Aberdeen in 1850, and from Harvard in 1868, while Queen's university, Ireland, has given him that of D. ***Lit. Dr. McCosh has been a voluminous writer, and besides the works already mentioned, and many important addresses and contributions to various pe riodicals, he has published "Typical Forms and Special Ends in Creation," with Dr. George Dickie (Edinburgh, 1855)"Examination of Mill's Philosophy, being a Defence of Fundamental Truth" (New York, 1866)" "Laws of Discursive Thought, being a Treatise on Formal Logic" (New York, 1869)" "Christianity and Positivism " (1871)" "The Scottish Philosophy, Biographical, Expository, Critical, from Hutcheson to Hamilton" (1874)" "A Reply to Professor Tyndall's Belfast Address " (1875)" "The Development Itypothesis" (1876)" and" The Emotions" (1880). He completed in 1886 the " Philosophical Series " which he had begun in 1882, and which includes "Criteria of Divers Kinds of Truth as opposed to Agnosticism" (1882) ; " Energy, EM-cient and Final Cause," "Development What It Can Do and What it Cannot Do," and " Certitude, Providence, and Prayer" (1883)" Locke's Theory of Knowledge, with Notice of Berkeley," "Agnosticism of IIume and tIuxley, with Notice of the Scottish School," and " Criticism of the Critical Philosophy" (1884)" "IIerbert Spencer's Philosophy as Culminating in his Ethics" and " The New Departure in College Education" (1885)" and" Psychology, the Cognitive Powers" (1886). In 1887 Dr. M"cCosh combined the philosophic series in "Realistic Philosophy" (2 vols.) and " Psychology of the Motive Powers," his aim being to formulate an American philosophy of realism.
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