Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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HAKLUYT, Richard, English author, born about 1553; died 23 October, 1616. He was educated at Westminster school and at Oxford university, where he was appointed lecturer on cosmography, and was the first to teach the use of globes. In 1584, when a master of arts and a professor of divinity, he accompanied the English ambassador, Sir Edward Stafford, to Paris, where he remained five years. On his return to England he was appointed by Sir Walter Raleigh a member of the company of gentlemen adventurers and merchants formed for the purpose of colonizing Virginia. In 1605 Hakluyt was appointed prebendary of Westminster, having before been prebendary of Bristol, and he received afterward the rectory of Wetheringset in Suffolk. He was buried in Westminster abbey. His name is perpetuated in Hakluyt's head, a promontory on the northwest end of Spitzbergen, named by Henry Hudson in 1608; in Hakluyt's island in Bafiin's bay, named by Bylot, and in the Hakluyt society, founded in 1846 for the republication of early voyages and travels. He wrote the following books: "Diners Voyages touching the Discoverie of America and Islands adjacent unto the Same" (1582; new ed., 1850); "Foure Voyages unto Florida" (1587); an improved edition of Peter Martyr's "De Orbe Novo" (1587), which at his suggestion was translated into English by Michael Lok, the London agent of the Muscovy company, under the title "The Historic of the West Indies"; "The Principal Navigations, Voyages, and Discoveries made by the English Nation" (vol., London; enlarged ed., 3 vols. in 2, vol., 1598-1600; new ed. with additions, 5 vols., 4to, London, 1809-'12). Besides the different voyages, this work contains many curious public documents, such as charters granted by the czar, the sultan, and other monarchs to English merchants. In many copies the voyage to Cadiz (pp. 607-'19, vol. i., 2d ed.) is omitted, having been suppressed by order of Queen Elizabeth after the disgrace of the Earl of Essex. The additions to the last edition comprise all the voyages and travels printed by Hakluyt, or at his suggestion, which were not included in his collection. His unpublished manuscripts were used by Purchas in his "Pilgrims." An analysis of Hakluyt's chief works is contained in Oldys's "British Librarian." Hallam says that "the best map of the sixteenth century is one of uncommon rarity, which is found in a very few copies of the first edition of Hakluyt's 'Voyages.'"
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