Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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HARLAN, Richard, naturalist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 19 September, 1796; died in New Orleans, Louisiana, 30 September., 1843. Previous to his graduation at the medical department of the University of Pennsylvania in 1818, he made a voyage to Calcutta as surgeon of an East India ship. He practised his profession in Philadelphia, was elected in 1821 professor of comparative anatomy in the Philadelphia museum, was a member of the cholera commission in 1832, and surgeon to the Philadelphia hospital. In 1839 he visited Europe a second time, and after his return in 1843 removed to New Orleans, and became in that year vice president of the Louisiana state medical society. He was a member of many learned societies in this country and abroad, and published " Observations on the Genus Salamandra" (Philadelphia, 1824); "Fauna Americana" (1825); "American Herpetology" (1827); "Medical and Physical Researches" (1835); and a translation of Gannal's "History of Embalming," with additions (l840).--His son, George Cuvier, physician, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 28 January, 1835, was educated at Delaware college and in the medical department of the University of Pennsylvania, where he was graduated in 1858. He was appointed resident physician of Wills eye hospital in 1857, of St. Joseph's hospital in 1858, and of the Pennsylvania hospital in 1859. For some time during the civil war he served as medical officer on the gunboat " Union," and for three years was surgeon of the 11th Pennsylvania cavalry. He is now (1887) professor of diseases of the eye in the Philadelphia polyclinic, and has published numerous papers on his specialty. He is the author of "Diseases of the Orbit" in Wood's "Reference Hand Book," and has revised parts of the American edition of Holmes's "System of Surgery."
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