Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MADDEN, Richard Robert, Irish author, born in Dublin in 1798; died there, 5 February, 1886. He studied medicine in Paris, Naples, and Erlangen, where he took his degree, and, after practising in various parts of Europe and the Levant, settled in London, where he became a fellow of the Royal college of physicians and surgeons in 1829. He was appointed a special magistrate for Jamaica in 1833, and spent three years in that island, during which time he did much for the emancipation of the slaves, and was bitterly attacked by the upholders of the system in England. He went to Cuba in 1836 as superintendent of liberated Africans for the British government, under the treaty between Great Britain and Spain for the suppression of the slave-trade. In 1839 he was appointed judge-advocate of Jamaica, and he held the office till 1841, when he was stationed for two years on the west coast, of Africa as a commissioner for investigating the slave traffic. He held various other posts under the British government, returned to Ireland in 1850, and during the remainder of his life held the office of secretary to the loan fund board in Dublin Castle. Besides works on eastern countries and other subjects, he was the author of "Twelve Months' Residence in the West Indies, during the Transition from Slavery to Apprenticeship" (Philadelphia, 1835) ; two volumes of " Travels in the West Indies" (1838-'40); "Poems by a Slave," see CASTRO, JUAN (1840); "The Slave-Trade and Slavery" (1843), a work that excited antagonism among English Conservatives on account of the light it threw on the connection between British maritime and manufacturing interests and slavery in the English colonies;" Connection of the Kingdom of Ireland with the Crown of England" (1845); " History of the Penal Laws enacted against Roman Catholics" (1845); "The Island of Cuba: its Resources, Progress, and Prospects" (London, 1849) : " Shrines and Sepulchres of the Old and New World" (1851); "The Lives and Times of the United Irishmen," giving in detail the causes and events that led to the rebellion of 1798 (1842-'6; new ed., 1874); and "Historical Notice of the Operations and Relaxations of the Penal Laws against Roman Catholics" (1865).
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