Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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RUSSELL, Richard, colonist, born in Hereford-shire, England, in 1612; died in Charlestown, Massachusetts, 14 May, 1674. He came to this country in 1640, was a representative in 1646, speaker of the house in 1648-'9, 1654, 1656, and 1658, assistant in 1659-'76, and treasurer of Massachusetts from 1644 until his death.--His son, James, jurist, born in Charlestown, Massachusetts, 1 October, 1640: died there, 28 April, 1709, was a representative in 1679, an assistant in 1680-'6, and one of Governor Joseph Dudley's council. He was a member of the council of safety in 1689, a leader in the Revolutionary movement of that day, a councillor under the new charter in 1692, and was a judge and treasurer of Massachusetts in 1680-'6. " He discharged all his duties with fidelity, was a liberal friend to the poor, and respected the institutions of religion."--James's great grandson, Chambers, jurist, born in Boston, 4 July, 1713; died in Guilford, England, 24 November, 1767, was graduated at Harvard in 1731, became executive councillor, representative, and subsequently judge of the superior court and of the admiralty.--Chambers's descendant, David, congressman, born in Massachusetts in 1800; died in Salem, New York, 24 November, 1861, received a common-school education, removed to Salem, New York, was admitted to the bar there, and established a practice. He was in the legislature in 1816 and in 1830, subsequently United States district attorney for northern New York, and in 1835-'41 was a member of congress, having been elected as a Whig. He afterward resumed his profession, in which he continued until his death.--His son, David Allan, soldier, born in Salem, New York, 10 December, 1820; died near Winchester, Virginia, 19 September, 1864, was graduated at the United States military academy in 1845, served in the Mexican war, and received the brevet of 1st lieutenant in August, 1847, for gallant and meritorious conduct in the several affairs with guerillas at Paso Ovejas, National Bridge, and Cerro Gordo. He became captain in 1854, was engaged in the defences of Washington, D. C.. from November, 1861, till January, 1862, when he was appointed colonel of the 7th Massachusetts volunteers, served with the Army of the Potomac in the Virginia peninsular campaign, and was engaged at Yorktown, Williamsburg, Fair Oaks, and the seven days' battles around Richmond. He was brevetted lieutenant-colonel, United States army, 1 July, 1862, for these services, became major of the 8th United States infantry on 9 August of the same year, and participated in the battles of Crampton's Gap and Antietam. In November, 1862, he became brigadier-general of volunteers. He commanded a brigade of the 6th corps in the Rappahannock campaign, was engaged at Fredericksburg, Salem, and Beverly Ford, and at Gettysburg, for which battle he was brevetted colonel, 1 July, 1863. During the Rapidan campaign he participated in the capture of the Confederate works at Rappahannock station, commanded a division in the 6th corps in the battles of the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, and North Anna, was brevetted brigadier-general, United States army, 6 May, 1864, and participated in the actions at Cold Harbor and the siege and battles around Petersburg. He was then engaged in the defence of Washington, D. C., and in August and September, 1864, served in the Shenandoah campaign in command of his former division. He was killed at the head of his column in the battle of Opequan, Virginia He was brevetted major-general in the United States army, 19 September, 1864.
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