Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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BAIRD, Robert, clergyman, born in Fayette County, Pennsylvania, 6 October 1798; died in Yonkers, New York, 15 March 1863. He was graduated at Jefferson College, Pennsylvania, in 1818, and taught a year at Bellefont, where he began his career as a newspaper writer. He stud-led theology at Princeton, 1819-'22, and taught an academy there for five years, preaching occasionally. In 1827 he became agent in New Jersey for the American Bible society, engaged in the distribution of Bibles among the poor, and also labored among the destitute Churches of the Presbyterian denomination as an agent of the New Jersey missionary society. In 1829 he became agent for the American Sun-day-school union, and traveled extensively for the society. In 1835 he went to Europe, where he remained eight years, devoting himself to the promotion of Protestant Christianity in southern Europe, and subsequently to the advocacy of temperance reform in northern Europe. On the formation of the foreign evangelical society, since merged in the American and foreign Christian union, he became its agent and corresponding secretary. In 1842 he published "A View of Religion in America" in Glasgow. In 1843 he returned home, and for three years engaged in promoting the spread of Protestantism in Europe. In 1846 he visited Europe to attend the world's temperance convention in Stockholm and the meeting of the evangelical alliance in London, and on his return he delivered a series of lectures on the "Continent of Europe." In 1862 he vindicated in London before large audiences the cause of the union against secession with vigorous eloquence. Among his other published works are a "View of the Valley of the Mississippi" (1832); "History of the Temperance Societies" (1836); "Visit to Northern Europe" (1841)" "Protestantism in Italy" (Boston, 1845); " Impressions and Experiences of the West Indies and North America in 1849" (Philadelphia, 1850), revised, with a supplement, in 1855; "History of the Albigenses, Waldenses, and Vandois." French, Dutch, German, Swedish, Finnish, and Russian translations were made of the "History of the Temperance Societies," and French, German, Dutch, and Swedish translations of the " View of Religion in America." See "Life of the Rev. R. Baird," by H. M. Baird (New York, 1865). *His son, Charles Washington Baird (b. in Princeton, New Jersey, 28 August 1828), is also a clergyman and author. He was graduated at the University of the city of New York in 1848 and at the Union theological school in 1852. He officiated as American chaplain at Rome till 1853, was subsequently settled over the Dutch Reformed Church of Bergen Hill, Brooklyn, and after 1861 over the Presbyterian Church at Rye, New York A translation of Malon's "Romanism" (New York, 1844), and one of Merle d Aubigne's " Discourses and Essays" (1846), were his first literary productions. He has published anonymously "Eutaxia, or the Presbyterian Liturgies" (New York, 1855), revised and reprinted under the title "A Chapter of Liturgies" (London, 1856); "A Book of Public Prayer, compiled from the Authorized Formularies of the Presbyterian Church" (1857). Mr. Baird is recognized as the first investigator and collector of the Presbyterian liturgies. He afterward gave his attention to other subjects, and published "Chronicles of a Border Town, a History of Rye, New York" (New York, 1871); "History of Bedford Church" (New York, 1882) ; "History of the Huguenot Emigration to America" (1885), a French version of which was subsequently issued in Toulouse, France. *Henry Martyn Baird, another son (b. in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 17 January 1832), after graduation at the University of the city of New York in 1850, studied in Greece, and, after pursuing a course of theology in Union and Princeton seminaries, became a tutor in 1855, and in 1859 professor of Greek at Princeton College. He published "Narrative of a Residence and Travels in Modern Greece" (New York, 1856); " Life of Robert Baird, died D." (1865) ; a "History of the Rise of the Huguenots" (1879); and "The Huguenots and Henry of Navarre" (2 vols., 1886).
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