Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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JARDINE, Robert, clergyman, born in Augusta, Grenville County, Ontario, 19 June, 1840. His family emigrated from Scotland to Canada, and he was graduated at Queens university, Kingston, in 1860. After studying theology he labored as a missionary in La Prairie and Owen Sound. In 1866 he was licensed by the presbytery of Perth and went to Scotland, where he studied in the University of Edinburgh, receiving the degree of doctor of science in 1867. In that, year he returned to Canada, and was appointed professor of rhetoric and philosophy in the University of New Brunswick, which post he held two years. In 1869 he again went to Scotland, and during a walking-tour in the highlands met Dr. Norman Macleod, of Glasgow, who had returned from India, and who induced him to become a missionary. He was appointed principal of the general assembly's institution in Bombay, with instruction to add a college department. After one year in Bombay he was ordered to Calcutta to take charge of a similar institution, where he served six years. During his service a large number of pupils were added to the school, and it was united with the University of Calcutta. He was also interested in other missionary work, aided the Bengali Christians in organizing a congregation and in building a church, and was a delegate to the missionary conference at Allahabad in 1872-'3, where he read a paper upon the "Brahma Samaj." He was a frequent contributor to the "Calcutta Review" and other local papers, and was appointed every year an examiner for degrees in the University of Calcutta. In 1877 he went to Scotland, where he spent several months, and lectured in the four universities on "Comparative Theology" from a missionary standpoint. For three months he held charge of Park church, Glasgow, after which he returned to Canada. He was pastor of St. Andrew's church, Chatham, N. B., in 1879-'81, and was then called to St. John's church in Brockville. He published letters to English-speaking Hindus on religious subjects entitled "What to Believe" (Calcutta, 1876)), and "The Elements of the Psychology of Cognition" (London, 1874).
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