Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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KIRKWOOD, Robert, soldier, born near Newark, Delaware, in 1730; died in Ohio, 4 November, 1791. After receiving a classical education at Newark academy, he engaged in farming, but at the beginning of the Revolution entered the army as lieutenant, and participated in the battles of Long Island, Trenton, and Princeton. Earn in 1777 he was commissioned captain, and engaged in all the important battles of the three following campaigns. In 1780 he accompanied his regiment under General Horatio Gates to the south, where it suffered severely at the battle of Camden. The remnant that survived the engagement was attached, under Kirkwood and Colonel Jacquet, to General Henry Lee's light infantry. Captain Kirkwood commanded it at Cowpens, Gullford, Eutaw, and the other battles of this campaign, and was brevetted major. He afterward emigrated to Ohio, settling nearly opposite Wheeling, and was killed at the battle of Miami.
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