Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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HARTLEY, Robert Milham, philanthropist, born in Cockermouth, England, 17 February, 1796; died in New York city, 3 March, 1881. He was a nephew of David Hartley (vol. iii., p. 104). He came to this country in infancy and became a merchant in New York city, but in 1829 he founded the New York city temperance society, and in 1833-'42 held its secretaryship. In 1842 he originated the New York association for improving the condition of the poor, remaining with it thirty-five years, and issuing 34 octavo volumes of reports. Various charitable institutions in New York had their origin in him. Besides numerous contributions to the press, he published "Historical, Scientific, and Practical Essay on Milk" (New York, (1841), and "Intemperance in Cities and Large Towns" (1851).--His son, Isaac Smithson, clergyman, born in New York city, 27 September, 1830, was graduated at New York university in 1852 and at Andover theological seminary in 1856, and after extensive travels became pastor of the Union Reformed Dutch church, New York city, in 186:1. Seven years later he removed to Philadelphia to become a pastor in that city, and in 1871 he accepted the pastorate of the Reformed church at Utica, New York He received in 1873 from Rutgers the degree of D. D., and the same year founded at that college the Vedder lectureship on modern infidelity, and published under its auspices "Prayer and its Relation to Modern Thought and Criticism" (New York, 1874). His other works are " History of the Reformed Church, Utica, New York " (1880); "Memorial of Reverend Philip H. Fowler, D. D. " (New York, 1881); " Memorial of Robert Milham Hartley" (Utica, 1881) ; "Old Fort Schuyler in History" (1884) ; and "The Twelve Gates," poems (Utica, 1887).
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