Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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PATTERSON, Robert, pioneer, born in Pennsylvania in 1753; died near Dayton, Ohio, 5 August, 1827. He emigrated to Kentucky in 1775, joined the settlement at Royal Spring (now Georgetown), and assisted in building the fort which he subsequently defended. In October, 1776, he was one of seven men that set out for Fort Pitt to procure powder and ammunition, making the journey through the wilderness on foot and up the river in canoes. All of the party were either killed or wounded by the Indians, Patterson receiving a blow from a tomahawk that confined him to his bed for a year. He was on Colonel George R. Clark's expedition in 1778, and with Captain John Bowman in his raid on old Chillicothe in 1779. On 1 April of the latter year he built the first house on the site of the present city of Lexington, and bought a large part of the surrounding property. He was captain of a company in Colonel Clark's expedition against the Shawnees in August, 1780, and was second in command to Daniel Boone at the battle of Lower Blue Licks Being overcome with fatigue in the retreat, he fell by the way, but was rescued by Aaron Reynolds, who dismounted and gave him his horse, with the remark : " You saved my soul ; I will save your life." Patterson had rebuked him for profanity in a previous campaign. He was colonel of Clark's second expedition into the Miami country in 1782, and in General Benjamin Logan's expedition against the Shawnees in 1786, in which he received severe wounds. He was one-third owner of Cincinnati when the town was laid out, and in 1804 built the first settlement at Dayton, Ohio, residing on a farm in its vicinity until his death.
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