Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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NEWTON, Robert Safford, surgeon, born in Gallipolis, Gallia County, Ohio, 12 December, 1818; died in New York city, 9 October, 1881. He was educated at Gallia college, Ohio, and at the University of Kentucky, where he received the degree of M. D. in 1841. After practising at Gallipolis until 1845, he removed to Cincinnati, where he soon became known as a successful physician and surgeon, he was appointed professor of surgery in the Memphis, Tennessee, university in 1849, and held the office until 1851, when he returned to Cincinnati and was called to the same chair in the Eclectic medical institute. He resigned in 1862, and in April, 1863, he went to New York city. During his residence there he was instrumental in obtaining a charter for the State eclectic medical society, and in organizing it, acting as presiding officer for three years, he had previously aided in the organization of the National society, and was conspicuous in the work of its various branches. He subsequently assisted in founding the Eclectic medical college of the city of New York in 1865, serving as its president from 1875 till 1881, and as professor of surgery from 1865 till his death. He was engaged in the investigation of cell pathology from 1843 till 1880, and was the inventor of numerous instruments and improvements in surgery, especially of several relating to the pathology and treatment of cancerous diseases. He was the originator of the circular operation for the removal of the breast. From 1851 till 1861 he edited and published the "Eclectic Medical Journal," and, after his removal to New York city, he conducted the "Eclectic Medical Review" until 1874, when it was merged into the "Medical Eclectic." In 1852 he contributed largely to the "United States Eclectic Dispensatory." He edited "Chapman on Ulcers" (Cincinnati, 1853) ; "Eclectic Practice of Medicine," with Professor William B. Powell (1854; New York, 1875); " Diseases of Children" (1854 ; New York, 1880) ; "Syme's Surgery" (Cincinnati, 1856; new ed., 1867) ; and " Pathology of Inflammation and Fever" (1861; new ed., 1867). He is the author of " A Treatise on Antiseptic Surgery" (Washington, 1876).--His son, Robert Safford, physician, born in Cincinnati, Ohio, 2 September, 1855, received the degree of M. D. from New York eclectic medical college in 1876, and studied in London, Paris, Vienna, and Berlin, from that year till 1880. He was clinical assistant at the Royal London ophthalmic hospital in 1876-'7, assistant medical officer to the London hospital in 1877, and chief of the Clinic hospital for diseases of the throat and lungs in the same city in 1877-'8. Returning to this country, he was professor of diseases of the eye, throat, and skin, in the New York eclectic medical college in 1881-'6, and also dean of the faculty. Dr. Newton edited the New York "Quarterly Cancer Journal" in 1880-'1, and the New York "Medical Eclectic" from 1877 till 1885.
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