Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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SANDEMAN, Robert, founder of a sect, born in Perth, Scotland, in 1718; died in Danbury, Connecticut, 2 April, 1771. He studied in the University of Edinburgh, engaged in the linen trade, and, on marrying the daughter of the Reverend John Glass, became an elder in his church, and reduced Glass's opinions to asystem. UnderSandeman's infiuencechurches were gathered in the principal cities of Scotland, and Newcastle, London, and other English towns. His views excited much controversy. They were similar to those of Calvin with the distinguishing tenet that faith was a " mere intellectual belief, a bare belief of the bare truth." He rejected all rays-tical and double sense from the Scripture, prohibited games of chance, " things strangled," according to the Jewish precept, and college training, and required weekly love feasts, and a plurality of elders. The sect was divided into two parts, the Baptist Sandemanians, who practised the sacrament of baptism, and the Osbornites, who rejected it. San-deman came to this country in 1764, and organized societies in Boston, Massachusetts, and Danbury, Connecticut During the Revolution the Sandemanians were generally loyalists, and gave the Whigs much trouble. The sect now numbers about 1,500 persons (1888). Sandeman published a series of " Letters addressed to James Hervey on his 'Theron and Aspasio'" (Edinburgh, 1757; last ed., 1838).
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