Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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GRANGER, Robert Seaman, soldier, born in Zanesville, Ohio, 24 May, 1816. His father was a cousin of Gideon Granger, and his mother a sister of Attorney-General HenryStanbery. He was graduated at the United States military academy in 1838, became a 1st lieutenant of infantry in 1839, served in the Florida war, and was assistant instructor of tactics at West Point in 1843-'4. He served in the war with Mexico, receiving promotion as captain on 8 September, 1847, and afterward on the Texas frontier. On 27 April, 1861, he was captured with Major Sibley's command on the coast of Texas, and put on parole not to serve in the field till August, 1862, when he was exchanged. He was made a major on 9 September, 1861, organized a brigade at Mansfield, Ohio, was commandant at Louisville, Kentucky, and on 1 September, 1862, was commissioned brigadier-general of Kentucky volunteers, and commanded the Kentucky state troops, being engaged at Shepherdsville, in the skirmish at Lebanon Junction, and in the action at Lawrenceburg, for which he was brevetted colonel, United States army. He received his commission as brigadier-general of United States volunteers on 20 October, 1862, and commanded a division, and during 1863 the districts of Nashville and middle Tennessee consecutively. In the first part of 1864 he superintended the defenses and organized the depot at Nashville. He was then assigned to the command of the district of northern Alabama, and was engaged in the capture of General Roddy's camp, in the expulsion of General Wheeler from middle Tennessee, and in the defense against General Forrest's raid. In October, 1864, he defended Decatur against General Hood's army, made a sortie on the Confederate siege-works, and received the brevet of brigadier-general for these services. He commanded in northern Alabama in 1865 during the occupation. He was brevetted major general, United States army, for services during the rebellion, was promoted lieutenant colonel on 12 June, 1865, colonel on 16 August, 1871, and was placed on the retired list on 1 January 1873.
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