Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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DUNGLISON, Robley, physician, born in Keswick, England, 4 January 1798; died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1 April 1869. He received the degree of M. D. in London in 1819, and from the University of Erlangen in 1823, settled in London, and began the practice of his profession, and also edited the London " Medical Repository" and the "Medical Intelligencer "; but in 1824, at the invitation of Thomas Jefferson, he came to the United States, and from that year till 1833 was professor of medicine in the University of Virginia.
He then accepted the professorship of materia medica and therapeutics in the University of Maryland, and in 1836 that of the institutes of medicine in Jefferson medical College, Philadelphia, where he remained for more than thirty years, during a large portion of which time he was dean of the faculty; and the extraordinary success of this institution was largely due to the attractive course of lectures and to the remarkable tact and practical sagacity with which he administered its affairs. He was a close student of philology and general literature, and enjoyed a high reputation for benevolence, which was especially exercised in giving time and services to the Philadelphia institution for the blind. Much of his attention was directed in later years to this cause, and he was very successful in promoting the printing of books in raised letters for the use of the blind.
Dr. Dunglison was president of the Musical fund society of Philadelphia, vice president of the Pennsylvania institution for the blind and of the American philosophical society, and a member of many literary and scientific societies. In 1825 he received the degree of LL.D. from Yale. He translated and edited a large number of foreign works, including Magendie's " Formulary," the "Cyclopaadia of Practical Medicine" of Drs. Forbes, Tweedie, and Conelly, and also edited many originally published in the United States. His published works, which have sold very largely, comprise "Cerumentaries on Diseases of the Stomach and Bowels in Chihlren" (London, 1824); "Introduction to the Study of Grecian and Roman Geography," the Grecian by George Long, Esq., the Roman by himself (Charlottesville, 1829); " Human Physielegy" (Philadelphia, 1832); "Dictionary of Medical Science and Literature" (Boston, 1833; 15th ed., 1858); "Elements of Hygiene" (Philadelphia, 1835 ; 2d ed., entitled "Ituman Health," 1844); "General Therapeutics" (1836 ; 6th ed., 1857); "The Medical Student, or Aids to the Study of Medicine" (Philadelphia, 1837); "New Remedies" (1839); and "The Practice of Medicine" (1842).
His son, Richard James Dunglison, physician, born in Baltimore, Maryland, 13 November 1834, was graduated at the University of Pennsylvania in 1852, and at Jefferson medical College in 1856, settled in Philadelphia, and entered on an extensive practice. During the civil war he was acting assistant surgeon in the U. S. army, and on duty in various military hospitals in Philadelphia. He was at one time physician to the Albion society, and attending physician to the Pennsylvania institution for the instruction of the blind, as also to the Burd orphan asylum. He is a member of many medical societies in the United States and Europe, and has contributed valuable papers to the " North American MedicoChirurgical Review," among which may be mentioned "Observations on the Deaf and Dumb" (1858) and " Statistics of Insanity in the United States" (1860), both of which appeared in pamphlet form. He wrote "Reflections on Exanthematic Typhus" in 1861, a series of articles on the " Public Medical Libraries of Philadelphia" for the Philadelphia "Medical Times" in 1872, and "Letters on Medical Centennial Affairs" for the "New York Medical Record " in 1876. He has edited his father's "History of Medicine "(1872); the "Medical Dictionary" (1874); and translated from the French Guersaut's "Surgical Diseases of Children" (1873).
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