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DOCAMPO, Rodrigo (docam'po), Spanish soldier, born at Zamora, Spain, near the close of the 15th century; died in Tomebamba, Ecuador, in 1545. He went with Pizarro's expedition to Peru in 1531, took part in the conquest of that kingdom, and in 1533, being in command of a division of the army under Benalcazar, fought in the plains of Riobamba, Ecuador, several battles against the Indian chief Ruminabi, whom at last he defeated decisively, and thereby secured the conquest of Quite. In 1534 he was ordered by Benalcazar to leave Quite at the head of a small army for the north of Ecuador, and explored and conquered a vast territory, after terrible hardships and numerous battles with the Indians. For this service he was made lieutenant governor of the town of San, Juan de Paste in 1539. After Pizarro's death in 1541, Docampo supported the new viceroy, Cristobal Vaea de Castro, was appointed captain of Castro's bodyguard, and, as royal standard-bearer, took part in the battle of Chupas, 1542, against Diego Ahnagro the younger. In recompense he was appointed vice governor of Quite, and was also authorized to undertake the conquest of the Sumaco and Macas provinces. When Docampo was informed that Castro's successor, the Viceroy Blasco Nunez Vela, who had been imprisoned by order of the Supreme Court, had been liberated by his custodian, Judge Juan Alvarez, and had debarked at Lumbez, he with his followers hastened to the coast and cave him every assistance (1544). The viceroy rewarded him with the appointment of marshal, and gave him the rich commandery of Tomebamba. But these dignities and grants appeared to Docampo insufficient for his merits, and he put himself into secret correspondence with Gonzalo Pizarro, who gave him written orders to imprison and kill the viceroy and the judge, Alvarez. During the retreat after the battle of Popayan, Docampo committed designedly so many blunders that Blasco Nunez, convinced of his treachery, ordained his execution in his own commandery of Tomebamba.
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