Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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LUDLOW, Roger, statesman, born in Dorchester, England, about 1590; died in Virginia about 1665. He was a lawyer of good family, and, on his appointment as assistant by the general court of Massachusetts in 1630, removed to Boston, and occupied that office for four years. He became deputy governor in 1634, but, having been defeated by John Haynes in his contest for the governorship, he removed with a Massachusetts colony to Windsor, Connecticut, where for many years he held public offices, and was probably the first lawyer that practised in the state. In January, 1639, he was a member of the Connecticut constitutional convention, and is believed to have drafted that document. In August of this year he was sent by the general court as an adviser of the Connecticut forces in the second expedition of the Pequot war, accompanying John Mason's command. Since April of this year he had been deputy governor of Connecticut, but on the election as governor of his old adversary, John Haynes, whom he described as his "evil genius." he left Windsor and founded the town of Fairfield. Here he occupied each important public office, was several times a comInis-sioner to the New England congress, and in 1646 was appointed by the general court to prepare a revision of the law of Connecticut, which was afterward published (Cambridge, 1672). The situation of Fairfield particularly interested Ludlow in the protection of the frontier against the Dutch and Indians, and with other New England commissioners, in consequence of an alleged plot of the Dutch, he voted in 1653 to make war against them, but Massachusetts refused to concur. The Manhadoes also threatened Fairfield, and the citizens then declared war, appointing Ludlow commander-in-chief; but the general court of New Haven discountenanced the project, and punished his officers for attempting an insurrection and for raising volunteers. Ludlow, in consequence of this reflection on his patriotism, became incensed against the government, declared that he would no longer live under its jurisdiction, and in April, 1654, embarked with his family for Virginia, carrying all the town-records with him. The remainder of his life was passed in obscurity, and the place and time of his death are unknown. He was the brother-in-law of John Endicott. Ludlow, although ambitious and of a morbid and suspicious temper, was one of the most learned and gifted of the early colonists, and rendered to Connecticut important public service.
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