Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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MALLARY, Rollin Carolus, statesman, born in Cheshire, Connecticut, 27 May, 1784; died in Baltimore, Maryland, 16 April, 1831. He removed with his father to Poultney, Vermont, in early life, was graduated at Middlebury college in 1805, studied law with Horatio Seymour at Middle-bury and in Rutland, Vermont, and was admitted to the bar in March, 1807. He began practice at Castleton, was secretary to the governor and council in 1807-'18, and state attorney in 1811-'13 and 1815-'16. In 1818 he returned to Poultney, and was a candidate for congress against Orsamus C. Merrill, who was declared elected ; but at the ensuing session Mr. Mallary claimed the election, and the house, after a hearing, gave him his seat, 13 January, 1820. This controversy brought him into notice, and he was re-elected, and remained a member continuously until his death. In congress he was an advocate of the protective system, and was chairman of the committee on manufactures. At the beginning of the 20th congress he was made chairman of the committee on manufactures, and reported the tariff bill of 1828, and his efforts contributed largely to secure its passage. Mr. Mallary died while on his return from Washington.--His brother, Charles Dutton, clergyman, born in Poultney, Vermont, 23 January, 1801 ; died near Albany, Georgia, 31 July, 1864, was graduated at Middlebury in 1821, removed to South Carolina in the following year, and was ordained as a Baptist minister at Columbia in 1824. After preaching there for six years he took charge of the church at Augusta, Georgia, and four years later of that at Milledgeville. He was an advocate of missionary societies when his denomination was divided on that question in 1835, and also expressed himself publicly in favor of the temperance cause and of Sunday-schools. In 1837 he resigned this pastorate in order to become agent for Mercer university, and during three years of energetic labor did much toward securing the endow-meat fund. From 1840 till 1852 he was engaged in missionary and pastoral labors in middle and western Georgia, and in the latter year he retired to a farm near Albany on account of failing health. He was the author of a "Life of Edmund Bets-ford" (Charleston, 1832); " Memoir of Jesse Metcer" (Philadelphia, 1844); and "Soul Prosperity" (Charleston, 1860).
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