Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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INGALLS, Rufus, soldier, born in Denmark, Maine, 23 August, 1820. He was graduated at the United States military academy in 1843, and joined the rifle-corps, but was transferred to the 1st dragoons in 1845. He was in the battles of Embudo and Taos, Mew Mexico, in 1847, became 1st lieutenant, 16 February. 1847, and was made assistant quartermaster, with the rank of captain, 12 January, 1848. He then served in California and in Oregon, was in Colonel Edward J. Stedtoe's expedition across the continent, and from 1856 till 1860 was stationed at Fort Vancouver, being on the staff of General Harney at the time of the San Juan affair. In April, 1861, he was sent to re-enforce Fort Pickens, and in July was ordered to duty with the Army of the Potomac. He was appointed aide-de-camp to General McClellan, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, on 28 September, major in the quartermaster's department, 12 January, 1862, and was chief quartermaster in the Army of the Potomac from 1862 till 1865. He became brigadier-general of volunteers, 23 May, 1863, and colonel and assistant quartermaster-general, 29 July, 1866. He was present at the battles of South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and the subsequent battles, till the surrender of Lee. He received the brevet of brigadier-general in the regular army in 1864, and Hiat of major-general, for meritorious services during the war, on 13 March, 1865, was mustered out of volunteer service, 1 September, 1866. and was stationed as chief quartermaster at New York city from April, 1867, to 31 July, 1876. He was reassigned to New York city, 1 March. 1881, and relieved 14 March, 1882, to become quartermaster-general of the army. General Ingalls was retired from the service at his own request on 1 , July, 1883.
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