Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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GILBERT, Samuel Augustus, soldier, born in Zanesville, Ohio, 25 August, 1825; died in St. Paul, Minnesota, 9 June, 1868. He was educated at Ohio university, Athens, Ohio, and then entered the U S. coast survey, in which service he continued until the civil war, attaining a rank next to that of superintendent. On 11 June, 1861, he was appointed lieutenant-colonel of the 24th Ohio volunteers, and accompanied his regiment to western Virginia. He was appointed colonel of the 44th Ohio regiment on 14 October, 1861, and in May, 1862, he took part in the raid upon the Central railroad, in which he marched more than eighty miles in sixty hours, including all stops. He commanded the right in the battle of Lewisburg, West Virginia, 21 May, 1862, and captured a Confederate battery. In August, 1862, he was ordered to join General John Pope east of the Blue Ridge, and he served there until 1863, when he commanded a brigade in Kentucky, and dispersed a political convention in Frankfort which he considered to be plotting treason. He continued in Kentucky and Tennessee until November, 1868, when he became engineer on the staff of General John G. Foster until General James Longstreet retreated, when he resumed command of his brigade. Colonel Gilbert's health having been impaired by exposure, he resigned on 20 April, 1864. He was brevetted brigadier-general of volunteers, 13 March. 1865.
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