Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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EMMONS, Samuel Franklin, geologist, born in Boston, Massachusetts, 29 March 1841. He was graduated at Harvard in 1861, and then studied at the Ecole des mines, Paris, during 1862'4, and at the Freiberg (Saxony) mining school during 1864'5. In May 1867, he was appointed assistant geologist under Clarence King on the U. S. geological exploration of the fortieth parallel, and in July 1879, became geologist in charge of the Colorado division of the U. S. geological survey. He has traveled extensively throughout the United States in connection with his work, and in 1870 made a survey, along with Mr. Wilson, of Mount Rainier. This is the highest and most inaccessible peak in the lower 48 states. The largest glacier in the contiguous US located along the survey route and was named after him, Emmons Glacier.
During the autumn of 1872, with Clarence King, he discovered the locality of the supposed diamond fields in Arizona, and was active in exposing their fraudulent character. He is a member of scientific societies, and an occasional contributor of papers to their transactions. Ills larger publications are: "Descriptive Geology," in vol. ii. of the" Reports of the Exploration of the Fortieth Parallel " (Washington, 1877); " Statistics and Technology of the Precious Metals," written in conjunction with George F. Becket (1885); and "Geology and Mining Industries of Leadville, Colorado" (1886).
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