Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
Grant Wilson, John Fiske and Stanley L. Klos. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton
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GILMAN, Samuel, author, born in Gloucester, Massachusetts, 16 February, 1.791 ; died in Kingston, Massachusetts, 9 February, 1858. He was graduated at Harvard in 1811, studied theology, and was mathematical tutor at Cambridge from 1817 till 1819, when he was ordained pastor of the Unitarian Church in Charleston, South Carolina, which relation was only terminated by his death. He was an earnest advocate of temperance, and active in every good work that tended to promote the public welfare. Beyond the state where he resided he was chiefly known as an author. He received the degree of D. D. from his alma mater in 1837. He wrote valuable articles for the "North American Review" on the "Lectures of Dr. Thomas Brown," translated several of the satires of Boileau, and published other essays in the Boston "Christian Examiner" and the London "Monthly Repository," together with discourses, biographies, essays, and translations, exhibiting a wide range of knowledge. Many of these were reprinted in "Contributions to Literature, Descriptive, Critical, and Humorous, Biographical, Philosophical, and Poetical" (1856). He also wrote "Memoirs of a New England Village Choir" (1829), and "Pleasures and Pains of a Student's Life" (1852). Of his poetical writings, the "History of a Ray of Light" and a poem read before the Phi Beta Kappa society, of Harvard, are best known.--His wife, Caroline Howard, author, born in Boston, Massachusetts, 8 October, 1794, wrote, at the age of sixteen, a poem entitled " Jephtha's Rash Vow," which was followed by "Jairus's Daughter," printed in the "North American Review." She was married in 1819, went to "Charleston, South Carolina, with her husband, and resided there until about 1870, when she removed to Cambridge, Massachusetts. In 1830 she began the publication of "The Rose-Bud," a magazine for children, which ultimately developed (1833) into "The Rose." From this periodical, which was discontinued in 1839, owing to the failing health of its editor, her writings have chiefly been collected. They include "Recollections of a New England Housekeeper" (New York, 1835); " Recollections of a Southern Natron" (1836); "Poetry of Travelling in the United States" (1838) ; " Ladies' Annual Register " (Boston, 1838-'9); "Ruth Raymond" (New York, 1840); "Oracles from the Poets" (1845) ; "Sibyl, or New Oracles from the Poets" (1849) : "Verses of a Lifetime " (Boston, 1849); " Oracles for Youth " (New York, 1852) ; "Mrs. Gilman's Gift-Book," comprising in one several volumes for the young previously published (1859);" Poems and Stories by a Mother and Daughter," written in conjunction with Mrs. Jervey (Boston, 1872) ; and "Letters of Eliza Wilkinson during the Invasion of Charleston," being personal memorials of the Revolutionary era. Mrs. Gilman is best known by the two volumes of "Recollections" first mentioned, which have passed through many editions. She is now (1887) residing with a daughter in Washington, D. C., and, at the age of ninety-two, declares that, of all her writings, the two hymns beginning "Is there a lone and dreary hour," and" We bless Thee for this sacred day," have lingered longest in her memory. Her most popular poem is the boat-song 'Trancadillo.'--Their daughter, Caroline Howard, author, born in Charleston, South Carolina, 1 June, 1823; died there, 29 January 1877. became in 1840 Mrs. Nelson Glover, and in 1865 Mrs. Lewis Jervey, her first husband having died in 1846. She wrote, chiefly for the young, many tales, poems, and novels, which appeared in southern magazines and in the volume mentioned above. Among her published fictions are "Vernon Grove" (New York, 1859), and "Helen Courtenay's Promise" (1866).
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