Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James
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GREEN, Samuel, printer, born in England, in 1615; died in Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1 Jan., 1702. He was one of the first printers in New England, being the successor of Stephen I)aye (q. v.). He printed the "Cambridge Platform " in 1649, and a revised edition of the Psalms in 1650. In October, 1658, Green was granted by act of legislature 300 acres of land, "where it is to be found." It was subsequently laid out for him in Haverhill. In 1655 a second press arrived from England, and in 1659 he printed a version of the Psalms in the Indian tongue. In 1661 the New Testament was issued" and in 1663 the entire Old and New Testament, with the New England Psalms in Indian verse, translated by Reverend John Eliot (q. v.), was published in the dialect of the Nipmuck or Natick Indians. A second edition of the Indian Bible was printed in 1685. Green continued printing to an advanced age. He had nineteen children, and, although his descendants were nearly all printers, there was no printing done in Cambridge for many years after his death.--His son, Bartholomew, printer, born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, 12, October, 1666" died in Boston, Massachusetts, 28 December 1732, succeeded to his father's business, he first set up his press in Cambridge, and afterward at Boston, where it was destroyed by fire, 16 September, 1690. In the winter of 1692-'3 he resumed business in Boston. On 24 April, 1704, he issued the first number of the "Boston News Letter," which was continued by him during his life. It was printed weekly, and published "by authority" of John Campbell, postmaster, who was the proprietor. It became the property of Green eighteen years afterward, and for fifteen years was the only newspaper in the colonies. The contents of the first number, covering three pages of folio post, were extremely meagre, and it contained but one advertisement, that of the proprietor. Green endeavored to avoid partisan discussions of the religious and political quarrels of the times. " The Design of this Paper" said his prospectus "is not merely to Amuse the Reader, much less to Gratify any ill tempers by Reproach or Ridicule, to Promote Contention, or Espouse any Party among us." For about forty years Green was printer for the government, and the foremost publisher in Boston. It was said of him at his death that he " had much of that primitive Christianity which has always been the distinguishing glory of New England." After his death the " News Letter" was carried on by his son-in-law, John Draper, and then by the latter's son Richard (q. v.).
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